Georg OhmIn existographies, Georg Ohm (1789-1854) (IQ:165|#453) [RGM:154|1,500+] [Kanowitz 50:27] (GPE:93) (SIG:18) (CR:5) was a German physicist and mathematician, noted for his 1826 discovery of the “Ohm's law”, which states that current is directly proportional to the voltage and inversely proportional to the resistance.

In 1826, Ohm, following a number of experiments, stated that the amount of current in a circuit is directly proportional to the difference in potential difference (voltage), or "pressure" of the current, and inversely proportional to the resistance. [1]

Ohm, in these experiments, drawing inspiration from Fourier on heat conduction, after testing with voltaic piles, he switched to a bismuth copper thermocouple, as shown, wherein he measured the current passing through the copper strip, with one junction dipped in ice and the other in boiling water (Ѻ), and then added test wires of varying length, diameter, and material to complete the circuit:

Ohm experiment
In 1827, Ohm, in his The Galvanic Circuit Investigated Mathematically, based on his research on a Volta-style electrochemical cell, stated that electromotive force acting between the extremities of any part of a circuit is the product of the strength of the current, and the resistance of that part of the circuit.

This finding has since come to be known as “Ohm's law” (Ѻ), defined as follows:

Ohm's law

where V is the voltage, R is the resistance, and I is the current.

Quotes | By
The following are quotes by Ohm:

“The force of the current in a galvanic circuit is directly as the sum of all the tensions, and inversely as the entire reduced length of the circuit.”
— Georg Ohm (1827), The Galvanic Circuit Investigated Mathematically (pg. 36) (Ѻ)

1. Kirby, Richard. (1956). Engineering in History (co-authors: Sidney Withington, Arthur Darling, Frederick Kilgour) (pg. 333). Courier, 1990.

Further reading
● Jungnickel, Christa and McCormmach, Russell. (1990). Intellectual Mastery of Nature: Theoretical Physics from Ohm to Einstein, Volume One: the Torch of Mathematics, 1800 to 1870 (Ohm, 23+ pgs). Publisher.

External links
Georg Ohm – Wikipedia.

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