Left is rendition of this image is a head, of the deceased scribe Ani, as explained in his personalized version of the Egyptian Book of the Dead (1250BC), reborn out of the lotus flower. (Ѻ) Center, is the sun springing from an opening lotus flower, emerging out of the Nun or watery abyss, in the form of the child Horus. [3] Adjacent right, we see Horus the pharaoh sitting on Lotus while wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. [7] At right (Ѻ) is Tutankhamen shown being born out of a lotus.
In religio-mythology, lotus, the symbolic plant of Upper Egypt, as compared to papyrus [N1], the symbolic plant of Lower Egypt, is sun god associated flower, that comes out of the water and opens with each morning rise of the sun.

The lotus is the symbol of Upper Egypt, where Theban theology (see: Thebain creation myth) and Hermopolis theology (see: Hermopolis creation myth) were prominent, where the plant grew. [2]

The lotus closes at night and sinks underwater. In the morning, it re-emerges and blooms again. Thus, the flower, like the baboon and the dung beetle, became a natural symbol of the sun and creation.

In Hermopolis, as recounted in Heliopolis creation myth, it was believed that there was a giant lotus blossom that first emerged from the primordial waters of Nun and from which the sun-god came forth.

The following shows Chapter 81A "For Being Transformed into a Lotus" of the Ani-version (1250BC) of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, showing Ani, after his death, being reborn, like the sun gods Horus and Ra, out of an opening Lotus:

Chapter 81A (transformation into lotus)

The following is Raymond Faulkner (1972) translation of the text of this chapter:

“I am this pure lotus which went forth from the sunshine, which is at the nose of Ra; I have descended that I may seek it for Horus, for I am the pure one who issued from the fen.”

Some (Ѻ), to note, incorrectly label the man’s head as Ra.

This so-called “great world lotus”, as Wallis Budge (1904) refers to it, is one of things, among the various Egyptian mythologies, out of which the sun rose for the first time. [4]

The specific “Horus” shown above, is the Heru-Sma-Taui, Horus #9, according to Budge classification, aka “Horus the Uniter of the South and North”, defined as the son of Hathor, who was believed to spring into existence out of a lotus flower which blossomed in the heavenly abyss of Nu at dawn at the beginning of the year. This version of Horus was worshipped at Aat-hehu, a district near Herakleopolis Magna (nome #19, Upper Egypt), Ant (Denderah) (nome #6, Upper Egypt) (Ѻ), and the city of Khatat. [4]

The head of a man coming out of the lotus, above left, comes from a vignette of the Theban recension of the Book of the Dead, which Budge describes as follows:

“In From Chapters lxxxi., versions A and B, we learn that the deceased had power to transform himself into a lotus; in the first version of the text he says, "I am the pure lotus which springeth up from "the divine splendour that belongeth to the nostrils of Ra," and in the second we read, "Hail, thou Lotus, thou type of the god "Nefer-Tem! I am he who knoweth you, and I know your "names among the gods, the lords of the Underworld, and I am "one of you." The vignette of the first version is a lotus, and that of the second is a lotus plant with a flower and buds growing out of a pool of water, and out of the flower springs a human head, i.e., the head of the deceased.”

The four sons of Horus, to note, are often shown on a rising lotus. (Ѻ)
Egyptian creation myth (Dendera Temple, 40AD)
A depiction of Ra and Apep coming out of a lotus, the stem of which coming out of the Nun (Dendera Temple, 40AD). In Hindu mythology, this was rewritten into the story of the god Brahma being born out of lotus the stem of which comes out of the navel of the god VishNu.

In 900BC, in India, much of the Upper Egypt lotus-based theology was imported and rescripted into the form of Brahma being born out of a lotus and the Hinduism creation mythology that followed. The following (Ѻ) shows Krishna and Buddha being born out of a lotus:

Lotus (Kirshna and Buddha) 2


The following are related quotes:

“Nor, again, do the Egyptians believe that the sun rises a new-born babe from the lotus, but they portray the rising of the sun in this manner to indicate allegorically the enkindling of the sun from the waters.”
Plutarch (c.100AD), On Isis and Osiris [1]

N1. Note: the papyrus is the symbol of Lower Egypt, where Heliopolis theology (see: Heliopolis creation myth), Memphis theology (see: Memphis creation myth), and Busiris theology (see: Osiris cult), reside, predominately, where this plant grew.

1. Plutarch. (c.100AD). Isis and Osiris; in: Plutarch's Moralia, Volume Five: Isis and Osiris. The E at Delphi. The oracles at Delphi no longer given in verse (§:355-). The obsolescence of oracles (Introduction: Victor Hanson) (Lotus, pg. 29). Harvard University Press.
2. Ashby, Muata. (1997). Anunian Theology: African Religion, Volume One (Lotus plant, pg. 49; Dharma, pg. 65). Cruzian Mystic Books.
3. (a) Maspero, Gaston. (1903). History of Egypt, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, Volume One (pg. 193). Grolier Society.
(b) Horus – TruthBeKnown.com.
4. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One (lotus, 8+ pgs; world lotus flower, pg. 23; Horus #9, pgs. 472-73; head out of lotus, pg. 521-22). Dover, 1969.
5. Faulkner, Raymond. (1972). The Egyptian Book of the Dead: the Book of Coming Forth by Day: Complete Papyrus of Ani, Featuring Integrated Text and Full-Color Images (translator: Ogden Goelet; Preface: Carol Andrews; Introduction: Daniel Gunther; Foreword: James Wasserman) (Amz) (pg. 176). Chronicle Books, 2015.

External links
Lotus – EgyptianMyths.net.

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