In philosophy, matter and motion refers to a mechanical philosophy in which all phenomena is reduced to matter in motion and collisions between particles; developed largely by Isaac Beeckman and Rene Descartes in the early 17th century.
In c.1625, Isaac Beeckman, a Dutch philosopher and scientist, student supposedly of Snellius and Simon Stevin, teacher to Johan de Witt and Rene Descartes, developed a view of the world in which everything, from the motion of the heavens to musical harmonies, is explained by reducing it to matter in motion.  Beeckman ideas, supposedly, influenced Descartes and Pierre Gassendi.
The following are related quotes:
“Give me matter and motion, and out of them I will build the universe.”— Rene Descartes (c.1630), Publication (Ѻ); cited by Ludwig Buchner (1855) in Force and Matter (pg. 64)
“Most seventeenth-century scientists accepted Descartes ‘mechanical philosophy’, in which the universe was composed of matter and motion, and all natural philosophy could be explained by the collisions between particles.”— Stephen Inwood (2002), The Man Who Knew Too Much (pg. 15) 
“Hooke, along with Boyle and Wren and many of his contemporaries, accepted the proposition advanced in Descartes's Principles of Philosophy (1644) that the universe was composed of minute particles in a state of constant motion and arranged (by the hand of god) into perfect mechanical forms.”— Stephen Inwood (2002), The Man Who Knew Too Much (pg. 63)