In short, owing to what is called the
hydraism problem, meaning that
universal geniuses, supposedly, no longer exist, meaning that people can now, more often than not scam other people with ideas from one field of study, the latter being ignorant of that field, the origin of the above
Sokal affair, scientific snake oil, invented history style scam, is that (a) because Boltzmann, in his “
Further Studies on the Thermal Equilibrium of Gas Molecules” (1872), wherein he derives his
H-theorem (the symbol ‘H’ for
heat), meant to quantify the velocity distributions of the
atoms and
molecules of the
body of
gas, which he aimed to “closely relate” to
Clausius’ heat
state function formula
entropy (1865), or inexact differentials of heat δQ divided by the
absolute temperature T, going into or out of bodies, employed the “
logarithm” (log), a mathematical tool invented by
John Napier (c.1594), and (b) because
Ralph Hartley in his “
Transmission of Information” (1928), wherein he derives an
H formula (where ‘H’ for Hartley, is the amount of
information associated with
n selections for a particular telegraph system), meant to quantify the capacity of a telegraph system to transmit
information, in the form of high (1) and low (0) pulses in a telegraph wire, mathematically, that (c)
John Neumann (1940) thought it would be “funny joke” if
Claude Shannon (1949) convoluted all of this into the punchline that Boolean numbers (1,0,1,0,0,1 …), i.e. computer language and or telegraphic communication signals, stored or transmitted in the form of voltage pulses or electromagnetic waves, can now be synonymously called “entropy” of thermodynamics. [5] Millions of pages of published scientific confusion have resulted, in the last 80-years, from this "inside" joke.