Satyendra BoseIn physics, Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974) (IQ:185|#77) [RGM:1,140|1,260+] (CR:11) (LGS:1), sometimes cited as “Nath Bose”, was an Indian mathematical physicist noted for his 1919 proof that Max Planck’s theory of heat radiation could be deduced from Albert Einstein’s theory of photons, for his 1925 prediction, with Einstein, of Bose-Einstein condensate (confirmed in 1995); and for his general Bose-Einstein statistics, which bosons obey. [1]

The “boson”, a fundamental particle, with integer spin (1, 2, etc.), which conforms to Bose-Einstein statistics, was named after Satyendra Bose in a 6 Dec 1945 lecture by Paul Dirac, entitled “Developments in Atomic Theory”, wherein he used the term to refer to quantum particles that obey laws set out by German-born American physicist Albert Einstein and Bose. [3]

Landau rankings
Russian physicist Lev Landau, in his personal genius rankings scale (see: Landau genius scale), ranked Bose, Landau (c.1935) ranked him with #1, in his person genius scale, alongside: Paul Dirac (IQ:190|#42), Erwin Schrodinger (IQ:190|#30), Richard Feynman (IQ:190|#33), Niels Bohr (IQ:185|#76),
Werner Heisenberg (IQ:180|#90), Louis de Broglie (IQ:?|#), and Eugene Wigner (IQ:?|#), which yields a mean genius comparison IQ of 187.

In 1925, Albert Einstein and Bose predicted a new state of matter at ultra-low temperatures, which was confirmed in 1995, aka the Bose-Einstein condensate, as studied in low-temperature thermodynamics.

Bose, together with Einstein, also developed a model for the heat capacity in solids and gases, and developed a variation of statistics allowing for the description of the behavior of bosons. [2]

1. Weinberg, Steven. (1992). Weinberg, Steven. (1992). Dreams of a Final Theory: the Scientist’s Search for the Ultimate Laws of Nature (pg. 27). Random House.
2. (a) Perrot, Pierre. (1998). A to Z of Thermodynamics. Oxford University Press.
(b) Rogers, Donald. (2005). Einstein’s Other Theory: the Planck-Bose-Einstein Theory of Heat Capacity. Princeton University Press.
3. (a) Dirac, Paul. (1945). “Developments in Atomic Theory”, Le Palais de la Decouverte, Dec 6.
(b) Farmelo, Graham. (2009). The Strangest Man: the Hidden Life of Paul Dirac, Mystic of the Atom (pg. 331). Basic Books

External links
‚óŹ Satyendra Bose – Wikipedia.

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