|Graeme Hunter's 2000 Vital Forces, on a history of the various "vital force" theories of nature. |
“If the concept, however, is extended to include the assumption that the vital force, pushes out and replaces the original forces of matter, so that the latter cease to operate, then one has gone too far; for at times it is possible by experimentation to unite the lifeless fundamental substances into compounds identical with those that are formed through vital processes.”
“It is the object of these researchers to do away with life as an explanation, wherever organic chemistry is concerned.”
"Solely by a combination of time and ordinary affinities."